Willis H. Hughes' Complaint Against Ellen Craft
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William (1824-1900) and Ellen Craft (1826-1891) were enslaved people who escaped from their respective masters in Macon, GA, in December 1848. Ellen, the daughter of an African-American woman and a white master, passed as a white gentleman accompanied by a slave valet, William. They made their way to Boston, MA. The Census of 1850 shows them living in freedom at the home of Lewis Hayden. In 1850, a deputy U.S. Marshall sought them out at Hayden’s home, but Hayden denied that they were there and threatened violence, such that the U.S. Marshall departed. The Crafts fled to Britain, where they lived for 20 years, raising their family, lecturing about the freedom movement, and writing their memoir Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom (1860) (available online from Documenting the American South (DocSouth). They later returned to the United States and settled in Georgia.
This primary source comes from the Records of District Courts of the United States.
National Archives Identifier: 7176235Full Citation: Willis H. Hughes' Complaint Against Ellen Craft; 10/25/1850; Records of District Courts of the United States, Record Group 21. [Online Version, https://www.docsteach.org/documents/document/willis-h-hughes-complaint-against-ellen-craft, July 25, 2016]
Activities that use this document
- Oh Freedom! Sought Under the Fugitive Slave Act
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